Einstein is famous for his exceptional skills in theoretical physics and mathematics . Recently i have seen so many memes of his views on politics and society, that I wanted to check up, if they are real.
They are. I could learn that Einstein was so engaged with politics, that the FBI had him under surveillance and compiled a 2000-page secret file on his political activities. There were many people in 1949 who already understood that capitalism is incompatible with democracy : Wealth and power is concentrated in the hands of a few and the elites form an oligarchy who can infuence politicians to work in their favor.
But most people didn’t realize, and there are still people, who don’t realize the importance of media. We have no chance to keep our individual human rights, if all information we get is biased and censored by people who have the political and economic power.
Here are some excerpts from his essay “Why Socialism?” published in the May 1949 issue of the magazine “Monthly Review”:
Man can find meaning in life, short and perilous as it is, only through devoting himself to society.
The economic anarchy of capitalist society as it exists today is, in my opinion, the real source of the evil.
The essential point about this process is the relation between what the worker produces and what he is paid, both measured in terms of real value. Insofar as the labor contract is “free,” what the worker receives is determined not by the real value of the goods he produces, but by his minimum needs and by the capitalists’ requirements for labor power in relation to the number of workers competing for jobs. It is important to understand that even in theory the payment of the worker is not determined by the value of his product.
Private capital tends to become concentrated in few hands, partly because of competition among the capitalists, and partly because technological development and the increasing division of labor encourage the formation of larger units of production at the expense of smaller ones. The result of these developments is an oligarchy of private capital the enormous power of which cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically organized political society.
This is true since the members of legislative bodies are selected by political parties, largely financed or otherwise influenced by private capitalists who, for all practical purposes, separate the electorate from the legislature. The consequence is that the representatives of the people do not in fact sufficiently protect the interests of the underprivileged sections of the population.
Moreover, under existing conditions, private capitalists inevitably control, directly or indirectly, the main sources of information (press, radio, education). It is thus extremely difficult, and indeed in most cases quite impossible, for the individual citizen to come to objective conclusions and to make intelligent use of his political rights.